POJ 3278 Catch That Cow(BFS+剪枝)

人一我百!人十我万!永不放弃~~~ 怀着自信的心,去追逐梦想 ——kuangbin

传送门:POJ 3278 Catch That Cow

Problem

Description

Farmer John has been informed of the location of a fugitive cow and wants to catch her immediately. He starts at a point N (0 ≤ N ≤ 100,000) on a number line and the cow is at a point K (0 ≤ K ≤ 100,000) on the same number line. Farmer John has two modes of transportation: walking and teleporting.

* Walking: FJ can move from any point X to the points X - 1 or X + 1 in a single minute
* Teleporting: FJ can move from any point X to the point 2 × X in a single minute.

If the cow, unaware of its pursuit, does not move at all, how long does it take for Farmer John to retrieve it?

Input

Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and K

Output

Line 1: The least amount of time, in minutes, it takes for Farmer John to catch the fugitive cow.

Sample Input

1
5 17

Sample Output

1
4

Hint

The fastest way for Farmer John to reach the fugitive cow is to move along the following path: 5-10-9-18-17, which takes 4 minutes.

Solution

AC代码

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#define MAXN 100010
int n, k;
typedef struct point
{
int pos, step;
} P;

int minn = INF;
int ans = INF;
bool vis[MAXN];
void bfs()
{
queue<P> que;
que.push(P {n, 0});
vis[n] = true;
P cur;
while(!que.empty())
{
cur = que.front();
que.pop();
if(cur.pos < k)
{
if(cur.pos-1>=0 && !vis[cur.pos-1])
{
que.push(P {cur.pos-1, cur.step+1});
vis[cur.pos-1] = true;
}
if(cur.pos+1<MAXN && !vis[cur.pos+1])
que.push(P {cur.pos+1, cur.step+1}), vis[cur.pos+1] = true;
if(cur.pos * 2 < MAXN && !vis[cur.pos << 1])
{
if(cur.pos * 2 <= k)
que.push(P {cur.pos<<1, cur.step+1});
else
{
if(cur.step + 1 + cur.pos * 2 - k <= ans)
ans = cur.step + 1 + cur.pos * 2 - k;
}
vis[cur.pos << 1] = true;
}

}
else if(cur.pos == k)
{
ans = min(ans, cur.step);
}
else if(cur.pos > k)
{
ans = min(ans, cur.step+cur.pos-k);
}
}
}
int main()
{
scanf("%d%d", &n, &k);

if(k <= n)
ans = n-k;
else
bfs();

printf("%d\n",ans);
return 0;
}

Note

这个地球真太小了,在地铁上看小米的面经写到了一个算法题,心想挺有意思的,回去写写。回家继续写 kuangbin带你飞 的题目,结果发现第三道刚好是面经中看到的。太小了太小了。简单题目。哈哈哈,看到 Teleporting 的时候第一反应是 TP。

❤采之欲遗谁,所思在远道。❤
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